Ira Katznelson (see my earlier post “Affirmative Action for Whites – began in the 1930s“) wrote a brief opinion piece in the 8/13/2017 NYTimes, “Making Affirmative Action White Again” (“Who Really Got Hand Outs” in the paper edition) that encapsulates the real history of affirmative action for whites. It reminds us of how Federal, state, and local government (not to mention private enterprises) have long favored white people – white affirmative action. The flip side is that African-Americans and Latinos were explicitly excluded from hundreds of $billions in government hand outs and programs starting in the New Deal 1930s and continuing into the late 1960s.
The 8/24/2017 New York Times featured a lengthy well researched study, “Even With Affirmative Action, Blacks and Hispanics Are More Underrepresented at Top Colleges Than 35 Years Ago” demonstrates that affirmative action for whites that began during the Jim Crow era and continued during the post-WWII boom in education persists to --->> read more -->>
Isabel Wilkerson’s book, The Warmth of Other Suns – the epic story of America’s great migration, creates whole new planes of awareness of our history. This book startled me to a new understanding of how encompassing and pervasive the Jim Crow laws and social rules of the South really were. --->> read more -->>
The recent controversies surrounding Joe Biden’s anti- school busing collaborations with racist politicians from the south has for the moment aroused new comment on segregated America. The New York Times published an excellent review of the history of school desegregation by Nikole Hannah-Jones, “It Was Never About Busing: Court-ordered desegregation worked. --->> read more -->>